Dodge Dart Specs, Images and Complete Upgradation
Dodge Dart is a series of autos marketed by Dodge from the 1959 to 1976 model years in North America, with manufacturing lengthened to later years in several other markets. The Dart name previously performed on a Chrysler car show in 1956 starring a modernized body designed by the Italian vehicle builder Carrozzeria Ghia that was later modified and renamed the Dart Diablo. The reproduction of Dodge Dart was organized as a lower-priced, full-size Dodge in 1960 and 1961, became a mid-size car for 1962, and then was a covenant from 1963 to 1976. The Dodge Dart nameplate was resurrected for a Fiat-derived compressed car that was launched in 2012.
First Generation Dodge Dart (1960–1961)
The first Dodge Darts were presented for the 1960 model year. Those Dodge Darts were downsized large cars produced to substitute the Plymouth in the standard, low-priced car division for the Dodge seller network. Dodge merchants had been selling Plymouths since 1930, but divisional restructuring took the Plymouth brand away from the Dodge dealer network. Project directors recommended the name, Dodge Dart, just to have Chrysler administrators oblige an expensive research program which produced the name, Zipp. This was promptly rejected in favor of Dart.
The Dodge Dart sedans and coupes were based on the unibody Plymouth program with a 118 in (2,997 mm) wheelbase, shorter than the standard-size Dodge series. However, the Dodge Dart station wagons used the same 122 in (3,099 mm) wheelbase as the upmarket Polara wagons. The new Dart came standard with a new engine, the 225 cu in (3.7 L) slant-six. The 318 cu in (5.2 L) (standard tools on certain Phoenix and Pioneer body styles) and 361 cu in (5.9 L) V8s were voluntary with two-barrel or four-barrel carburetors, and with single or twin exhaust. The Dodge 383 cu in (6.3 L) V8 engine was attached in 1961. Brakes were 11-inch drums. The Dart series was offered in three classical levels: the basic Seneca, mid-range Pioneer, and premium Phoenix. As the Dodge Dart’s sales increased, Plymouth’s sales decreased. Chrysler administrators did little to stop the infighting between the groups.
Dodge Dart trades were so strong in 1960 that the manufacturing of the medium-priced model series was reduced. The full-size, mid-priced Dodge Matador was abandoned after the 1960 model year as customers selected the insignificantly smaller but better equipped and less expensive Dodge Dart Phoenix. For the 1961 model year, the Dodge Dart proceeded as the smallest full-size Dodge. It maintained the 118 in (2,997 mm) wheelbase, and was restyled to compete with the larger Polara. The same three classical levels were available: the premium Dodge Dart Phoenix, mid-range Dodge Dart Pioneer, and base Seneca. Once again, wagons shared the Polara’s 122 in 310 cm wheelbase.
Second Generation (1962)
The Dodge Polara and Dodge Dart was downsized as part of Chrysler’s swift attempt to compete with what corporation directors thought would be downsized large cars from Chevrolet. In fact, they had overheard talk not of the big Chevrolets but of the compressed Chevy II Nova, a primary front-engine covenant to compete more immediately than the Corvair with the Plymouth Valiant, Rambler American, and Ford Falcon. Ford’s Galaxie and Chevrolet’s Impala both continued-sized in agreement with the dominant models of full-size cars.
The 1962 Dodge Dart, like the Plymouth, was on a new lightweight unibody “B” platform. The rigidity attained through the nearly pure unibody platform connected with the suspension’s low unsprung weight and near-ideal geometry equipped sound handling, braking, and acceleration; the latter particularly with the mid-year 415 hp (309 kW) “Ramcharger” 413 cu in (6.8 L) V8 engine which was directed primarily at authorized drag racing, where it quickly broke performance records.
Third Generation Dart (1963–1966)
For 1963, Dodge company made a last-minute settlement to drop the Lancer name in favor of Dodge Dart for Dodge’s newly produced “superior contract”, a marketing term indicating to the wheelbase having risen to 111 in (2,819 mm) from the Lancer’s 106.5 in (2,705 mm). This more extended wheelbase used the same A-body suspension of the Magnificent and deceased Lancer and would underpin all Dodge Darts from 1963 to 1976 excluding the 1963–1966 station wagons which used the Valiant’s (106 in (2,692 mm) wheelbase) and the 1971–1976 Demon Sport which used the Plymouth Duster’s 108 in (2,743 mm) wheelbase. The longer wheelbase gave more rear-seat legroom than the earlier Lancer or the contemporaneous Magnificent. The Dodge Dart was available as a tow or a four-door sedan, a 2-door hardtop coupe, a convertible and a station wagon. Three classical levels were suggested: the low-spec 170, the high-spec 270, and the premium GT, which was accessible only as a 2-door hardtop or convertible. The 1963 Dodge Dart has a turning diameter of 38.9 ft (11.9 m).
In 1965, the two-barrel 273 continued available, but a new production version of the 273 engine was delivered with a four-barrel carburetor, 10.5:1 condensation, a more competitive camshaft with solid tappets, and other upgrades which boosted output to 235 bhp (175 kW). At the same time, the Dodge Dart Charger was introduced. The Dodge Dart Chargers were yellow Dodge Dart GT hardtops with black interiors, premium mechanical and trim specs Commando 273 engines, and special “Charger” badging. The following year the larger B-body Dodge Charger was manufactured, and the “Charger” name was thenceforth affiliated with Dodge Dart models only in the “Charger 225” retailing name for the optional larger 6-cylinder engine. They were the first Dodge models to undergo the “Charger” name.
Fourth generation (1967–1976)
In addition to new styling, the Dodge Darts received developed steering systems, wider front trail and frame rail spacing, and redesigned K-members competent of accepting larger engines. The Dodge Dart would keep this essential form, with facelifts consisting of improved front and rear-end styling and interior trim, until the end of A-body generation in 1976 for North America and 1981 for South America.
The restyled Dodge Dart for 1967 emphasized a rear window with aggregate inverse curves. This generated a unique presence at the rear of the conservatory, but managed to collect snow and created thick C-pillars that looked precise but created blind spots for drivers. Arched side glass was used for the first time on a Chrysler contract. The single headlamps were installed forward of the recessed center section, representing the front plane. Park turn lamps were set into the grille, in the corners created by the transition area between the recessed and forward sections. Upfront, there was a new dual-plane front end contour: the center division of the bumper grille and the leading edge of the hood were recessed from the front sphere of the car. This same front end processing, with minor superficial changes to the grille and the park, turn lamps relocated to the front bumper, was also utilized by Chrysler Australia for their 1967 VE-model Valiant.
Dodge Dart Specs
The 170 cu in (2.8 L) Slant 6 engine outlasted conventional equipment, though its power rating improved from 101 bhp (75 kW) to 115 bhp (86 kW) for 1967, owing to the installation of the 225 engine’s larger carburetor and the updated camshaft the bigger engine had acquired in 1965. This new core engine was also less expensive to make, for unlike the earlier 170 engine, the 198 used the same block as the 225. For North American domestic-market vehicles, the base 170 engine was reinstated for 1970 Dodge Dart with a stronger new 198 cu in (3.2 L) version of the slant-6. The smaller displacement was achieved with a new crankshaft (3.64 in (92 mm) stroke vs. the 4.125 in (104.8 mm) stroke of the 225 crank) and uniting rods (7.006 in (178.0 mm) long vs. the 6.67 in (169 mm) rods in the 225). Nonetheless, the 225 outlived an upgrade option. The 2-barrel 273 cu in (4.5 L) small-block V8 engine was displaced on the option list in Dodge Dart 1968 by a 318 cu in (5.2 L) 2-barrel engine. The 318 was counted at 230 bhp (170 kW) versus the 2-barrel carburetor 273’s 180 bhp (130 kW). At the same time the 4-barrel carbureted 273 235 bhp (175 kW) was followed on the options list by the 275 bhp (205 kW) 4-barrel carburetor 340 cu in (5.6 L) accessible only in the 1968 to 1972 Clown and the hottest Dart, the performance-oriented GTS models. The Dodge Dart GTS came standard with the 340 cu in (5.6 L) V8. A 300 hp (220 kW) 383 cu in (6.3 L) big-block was voluntary.
The Dodge Dart’s 1970 dual tail lamps were carried over to the badge-engineered Plymouth Valiant Scamp, while the 1971 Dodge Dart received new smaller quad tail lamps that would be used through Dart 1973. The Custom two-door hardtop coupe became the Swinger, and the regular Swinger became the Swinger Special. Dodge Dart gained a version of Plymouth’s famous Valiant-based fastback Duster and was to be named the Beaver, but when Chrysler’s retailing administration discovered that “beaver” was CB dialect for vagina, the car was renamed the “Dart Demon”.
As was the case with previous Dodge rebadges of Plymouth Valiants, such as the 1961 and 1962 Lancer, sales of the Dodge Demon shuffled behind those of the Duster. With voluntary hood scoops and blackout hood treatment, the car was displayed as a performance car. Dodge Darts 1973 gained new front styling with updated fenders, grille, header panel, and hood. New single-piston disc brakes substituted the more complex 4-piston units offered from 1965 to 1972. Huge front bumpers were introduced to comply with new governmental regulations, as well as side-impact guard support in the doors and new emission control tools.
The 1975 Dodge dart was practically indistinguishable to the 1974 dodge dart, except for a new grille and that California and some high-altitude models were outfitted with catalytic converters and so needed unleaded gasoline. All 1975 dart’s models were compelled to pass a roof crush test and to meet this rigorous qualification, additional support was added to all Dart two-door hardtops. Heavy standard steel in the windshield pillar area had been consolidated into the windshield, pillar and roof design. Darts were also equipped with a developed energy-absorbing steering column which used multiple grooves in the column jacket to displace prior used convoluted mesh design. At impact, force utilized to the steering wheel crimped the column jacket back over a mandrel mounted on the floor. Federal Motor Safety Standards abruptly required that the front seat belts include a starter interlock system that restricted the engine from starting unless the front seat outboard occupant and the driver tightened their belts.
Dodge Dart was offered with a police package in 1976, with product code A38. The engines were Chrysler’s 225 slant-six, 318 V8, and 360 cu in (5.9 L) LA V8 (220 H.P., with non-catalyst in 49-state standards and a true twin exhaust; California models had a single exhaust with the catalytic converter) with an A727 TorqueFlite transmission. The A38 Dodge Dart had high-specification elements and systems throughout, including a heavy-duty suspension with a rear power bar, firmer shock absorbers and more powerful leaf springs, bigger brakes with semi-metallic front disc pads, high-capacity alternator and battery and maximum engine cooling.